The Temple of Hecate in Lagina, Caria

The Temple of Hecate in Lagina, Caria

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Lagina (Ancient Greek: Λάγινα ) or Laginia (Λαγινία) [1] was a town in the territory of Stratonicea, in ancient Caria. It contained an important temple of Hecate, at which every year great festivals were celebrated. [2] Tacitus, when speaking of the worship of Trivia among the Stratoniceans, evidently means Hecate. [3]

Recent studies have shown that the site had been inhabited and/or employed in an uninterrupted manner during a time span stretching back to the Bronze Age. Seleucid kings conducted a considerable reconstruction effort in the sacred ground of Lagina and transformed it into a foremost religious center of its time, with the nearby (at a distance of 11 kilometers) site of Stratonicea becoming the administrative center. The two sites (Lagina and Stratonikeia) were connected to each other in antiquity by a holy path. [ citation needed ]

The archaeological research conducted in Lagina is historically significant in that it was the first to have been done by a Turkish scientific team, under the direction of Osman Hamdi Bey and Halit Ethem Bey. In 1993, excavation and restoration work was resumed under the guidance of Muğla Museum, by an international team advised by Professor Ahmet Tırpan. [6]

The friezes of the Hecate sanctuary are displayed in the Istanbul Archaeology Museums. Four different themes are depicted in these friezes. These are, on the eastern frieze, scenes from the life of Zeus on the western frieze, a battle between gods and giants on the southern frieze, a gathering of Carian gods and on the northern frieze, a battle of Amazons. [7] [ citation needed ]

Lagina was Christianised at an early date and was the seat of a bishop no longer a residential see, it remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. [8]

  1. ^Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica . s.v.
  2. ^
  3. Strabo. Geographica. xiv. p.660. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^
  5. Tacitus. Annals. 3.62.
  6. ^
  7. Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  8. ^
  9. Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  10. ^Ministry of Culture and Tourism - Muğla
  11. ^ Pamela A. Webb, Hellenistic Architectural Sculpture: Figural Motifs in Western Anatolia and the Aegean Islands, (Madison WI 1996) 108-120.
  12. ^Catholic Hierarchy

This article about a location in ancient Caria is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

This geographical article about a location in Muğla Province, Turkey is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

File:The Corinthian Temple of Hecate, its architectural type was pseudodipteral with pronaos, Sanctuary of Hecate in Lagina, dated to the last quarter of the 2nd century BC, Caria, Turkey (17103394970).jpg

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Archaeological research:

In the annals of archaeology, Lagina will be remembered as the place where the first Turkish archaeological team conducted their research in 1891-1892. It was led by the 'father of Turkish archaeology' - Osman Hamdi Bey, together with Halit Ethem Bey. In nearby Turgut, there is a house where Osman Hamdi Bey stayed during his work in Lagina.

After a long break, the archaeological studies of Lagina were renewed in 1993 under the patronage of Muğla Museum. They are currently carried out by an international team coordinated by Professor Ahmet Adil Tırpan from Selçuk University in Konya.

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Hekate&rsquos Wheel & the Iynx Wheel

&ldquoCyrene is also the location where Jason used the iynx wheel to cause Medea to fall in love with him.
According to Pindar Jason did this to ensure that Medea would follow him back to Athens.&rdquo

Circle for Hekate, V.1, d&rsquoEste

The Wheel of Hekate is a symbol that has become synonymous with the Goddess of the Crossroads in the last few decades, and it is confusingly sometimes named as an Iynx or Strophalos &ndash which are ritual tools. A slight variant of the symbol appears in the Dua Lipa (featuring Madonna) &ldquoLevitating&rdquo video, in which there is a lot of significant Hekate related symbolism with a heavy emphasis on the Moon which is one of the likely sources for a surge in interest in the symbol.

Hekate&rsquos Wheel, from Circle for Hekate, Sorita d&rsquoEste

But what is this symbol and why is it linked to Hekate?

Screen Cap of Dua Lipa &ndash Levitating showing a variant of the symbol on a record.
This is one of several occurrences of the symbol in the video.

I have not been able to track the symbol to a particular teacher or book, but have been told that it became used for Hekate in contemporary Pagan circles in the 1980&rsquos. If anyone reading this can verify this, or provide further information &ndash please do! Historically it does not appear to be a symbol linked specifically to Hekate, although the symbol and variant thereof, can be found on many small metal disks likely used as decoration dating to the Mycenean and Minoan civilisations. As an aside, I have often pondered, but not found evidence, that perhaps there is a link to the island of Aegina, where the Ancient Greek Geographer Pausanius tells us there was an important celebration of the Mysteries of Hekate. The Minoan treasures found on Aegina and currently in the British Museum collection is phenomenal, and includes depictions of Potnia Theron (Lady of the Animals, an iconic female figure closely associated with both Hekate and the Goddess Artemis). For convenience, here is a search showing the images on the British Museum Images database.

Wheel symbols are frequently associated with Hekate, but with the more usual sunwheel design. Dozens of these symbols are carved on the steps of the ruins of the Temple of Hekate in Lagina (Caria, modern Turkey).

Both the four spoked, and eight spoked wheels are found not only in Lagina, but also on many depictions, inscriptions and amulets showing the Goddess Hekate. There is a discussion about these in my book Circle for Hekate, Volume 1 (&ldquoStars of Wheels, p.207 to 212).

Eight spoked Wheel at the Temple of Hekate Lagina.

Unfortunately, as with many things, there has been a bit of a misunderstanding about what Hekate&rsquos Wheel is, which has resulted in it also being named as Hekate&rsquos Iynx or Hekate&rsquos Strophalos. Rankine and I named these tools in our 2009 book Hekate: Liminal Rites, and in Circle for Hekate in 2017 I dedicated a chapter to the topic, but because the conflated use of the terminology is so widespread, there is still a lot of confusion about it, which I hope this article will help untangle &ndash at least a little!

What is the Iynx?

&ldquoThe word iynx comes from the Greek name for the wryneck bird, a member of the woodpecker family who enjoys feasting on ants. The theory is that the original form in which the iynx wheel was used for magical purposes involved tying a wryneck to a wooden wheel which was then spun. A well-balanced iynx wheel makes a repetitive whirring sound, which somewhat resembles the pulsing call of the iynx bird in the wild.&rdquo &ndash Circle for Hekate, V.1

The tool is named after the bird and was most often associated with the Goddess of Love, Aphrodite, and her son Eros who uses it as a tool to draw lovers together or to draw out passion. If you explore depictions of Eros, you will often see a little wheel or ring dangling from a string he is holding &ndash this is the iynx!

&ldquoDraw my lover here, iynx (magic wheel)&rdquo &ndash Idylls 2, Theocritus, 270 BCE, trans. Z. Yardley (Hekate: Liminal Rites, 2009)

In Theocritus&rsquo Idylls, a desperate woman approaches a practitioner of magic to help her drawback an unfaithful lover. The spell calls on the goddess as Hekate and repeatedly the iynx (being used in the spell) is implored to draw the lover back or home. Although Hekate may not be the first goddess we think of when it comes to love magics, there are many examples of where she was the deity invoked in matters of the heart.

Illes-Johnston in her book Hekate Soteira also discusses the Iynx wheel, saying that:

&ldquoThe sympathetic importance of the sound made by the whirling iynx-wheel fits in with the general importance of sounds in magical or theurgical acts. &hellip magicians believed that the correct pronunciation of each of the seven Greek vowels affected one of the seven astral spheres and therefore aided in invoking and controlling the sphere&rsquos divinities&hellip&rdquo &ndash Johnston (Hekate Soteira, 1990)

The iynx is one of several ritual tools used in the ancient world which was spun in one way or another to produce the desired effect and outcome. In addition to being associated with love magic, it can also be found depicted in death and funerary scenes. It was associated with Hekate, alongside the strophalos, rhombus and bull-roarer. All of these are tools that are spun and whirred, the bull-roarer today is known among practitioners of magic as a tool frequently used for weather-related magic, but in the ancient world, it was associated with the Mysteries of Dionysos and Kybele. Both in turn, and also Aphrodite, have strong connections to the Mysteries of Hekate. For more about the Iynx and Magic Wheels as linked to Hekate see Circle for Hekate, Volume I, p. 240-245.

What does an Iynx Wheel Look like?


As a child growing up in the 70&rsquos and 80&rsquos in Africa we made a lot of our own toys, and sometimes we would take buttons, string some embroidery thread through it and make little whirring wheels. These child&rsquos toys, which can still be found for sale in some toy shops (sold as spinners or whirlygigs), including some 21st-century plastic ones with LED lights, entertained us for hours, and they were essentially iynx wheels! Different designs can be seen depicted on archaeological finds, but essentially they are all circular disks, with two (or more) central holes through which string is threaded. You use the tool by holding the two ends of the string in opposite hands and then spinning the wheel until the string has been wound in one direction, then you pull the string and release in a rhythmic manner, allowing the wheel in the center to spin. Depending on the design, the wheel will emit a whirring sound.

The tool is incredible for meditation, contemplation as well as for ritual work.

Have you used it? Have you made your own? If not, go and try it out now! If you don&rsquot have the tools to make it from wood or metal, it is possible to use a firm piece of cardboard to try it out, so no excuses!

ps. If you have enjoyed this introduction and you find this an interesting tool, how about helping me differentiate between Hekate&rsquos Wheel (the symbol) and the Iynx (the ritual object or tool)?

Favored Types of People

Midwives, witches, healers, herbalists, dog lovers and rescuers she is the matron of women in general and protects those who ride horses, male warriors or cavalry as well.

In many cultures and religions in many lands. The crossroads are special places, places of great power, but at the same time haunting places.

Witches do gather together or solitary on crossroads as do magicians , hoodoo and voudan practitioners to cast their enchantments and spells.

The necromancers not only conjured the spirits of the dead on nightly cemeteries but also on the crossroads, the leftovers from spells are buried on the crossroads in many magical traditions and in many religions it is believed that the spirits are lingering on the crossroads.

The crossroads were and are also places where several accidents occurred and or ambushes, holdups… they can be places of vulnerability where fates seem to be on rare occasions sealed.

And all these views if we go back in time can also be found in the Greco-Roman world.

In ancient times the crossroads didn’t have our modern symbolism as a place of choices.

In the Greco-Roman world, the crossroads were places of spirits, doorways to the other world(s), places of magic, spells and necromancy and also places of purification.

As the Romans developed and constructed superior road systems, we started to see the emergence of choices and nowadays in modern

times its difficult to find a quite crossroads to perform workings except in remote areas.

Hecate was weaved strongly into all these symbolisms of the crossroads and still does to her devotees.

In the sources about Hekate that are from the ancient world, the crossroads are not mentioned as a symbol of Hecate.

But Hekate was in this time also connected to liminality.

File:The Sanctuary of Hecate in Lagina, Caria, Turkey (17289438085).jpg

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Hekate: the goddess who reigns over many realms

Among the pantheon of deities worshipped by modern-day Witches, the goddess Hekate has witnessed a stunning resurgence. Known for her three-headed visage that can be traced back millennia, Hekate has moved beyond her role as the goddess of the crossroads, synonymous with magic, mystery, death, and rebirth. She is now a towering presence on the global spiritual landscape and in popular culture as well, invoked before millions of viewers in an episode of American Horror Story: Coven, and found also in classical literature from the Chaldean Oracles to Shakespeare.

To her growing legion of adherents, Hekate is nothing less than a source of transformative power. In fact, Hekate has inspired such fierce devotion that an increasing number of Pagan practitioners are referring to their practice as “Hekatean Witchcraft.” What is at the heart of this burgeoning movement, and why has Hekate emerged as a vital force in an increasingly secular society?

Altar to Hecate [Image credit: Antonio Pagliarulo]

“Our planet is at a crossroads of the global soul,” said Dr. Cyndi Brannen, a psychologist and author of her Keeping Her Keys: An Introduction to Hekate’s Modern Witchcraft. “The earth has been savaged by the powerful, consumed with the greed that dwelling purely in artificial light evokes. To go into the underworld requires an understanding that there is much more to life than acquiring money and possessions.”

Hekate, Brannen notes, can be seen “as Anima Mundi and is the soul of the universe. She is rebelling against what mankind has done to the earth in many ways, including awakening in those who are willing to do so. After centuries of denigrating Great Mother, Hekate comes as but one face of what some might call the ‘dark goddess.’”

Given the number of current global crises – from the COVID-19 pandemic to political and economic tumult – Brannen’s words ring eerily true. Societal inequities have never been so stark, and social movements for change and the empowerment of the disenfranchised flourish in the U.S and beyond. In her writings, Brannen has drawn a sobering connection between vulnerable populations and Hekate, referring to the goddess as “guardian of the marginalized.”

“I became intrigued by the connection of Hekate with the vulnerable when I observed that so many from what we call ‘marginalized’ groups were deeply connected with her,” Brannen explained. “I turned to the historical records to see if there was any correlation with how Hekate was described there. What I learned is that Hekate was known as a Kourotrophos, a protector of children and that she watched over the restless dead. Additionally, she had a special relationship with all those outside the mainstream, especially what I have sometimes called ‘wild women.’”

According to Brannen, Hekate’s governance over crossroads is therefore particularly relevant today. “To the ancients who described this as her domain,” she says, “these junctures were places where the ‘uncivilized’ – anyone, living or dead, who didn’t conform to the cultural mores – resided,” she said. “Since we are living at a collective crossroads, where injustice is being illuminated, it is Hekate who often comes to those seeking restitution.”

To those at the forefront of Pagan scholarship, the rise of Hekate is neither coincidental nor surprising. Sorita d’Este, author of Circle for Hekate and over a dozen other titles, is a researcher whose work is rooted in mysticism and mythology. She is also the founder of Avalonia, an independent publisher of Pagan and esoteric books.

“In the ancient world, Hekate was a goddess of many names and many faces,” said d’Este. “She was also worshiped by people from many nations and places, so her continued ability to adapt and be relevant today should not really come as a surprise. Hekate is relevant and present in the 21st century. This is evident in the surge of interest in her but also the number of appearances she makes in pop culture, the number of books written about her, and the way that she has a place in the worship and work of polytheists, as well as Pagans, Wiccans, Witches, Druids, Heathens, ceremonial magicians, and even Buddhists and Hindus.”

In 2010, d’Este produced Hekate: Her Sacred Fires, an anthology in which nearly 50 individuals from around the globe share their own personal visions of the goddess. Shortly thereafter, she created The Rite of Her Sacred Fires, an international devotional event celebrated every year during the May full moon. d’Este then formed Covenant of Hekate, a “network of devotees from different traditions and backgrounds who share their works with one another.”

To these modern-day devotees, Hekate is a goddess who reigns over many realms – night, the dark and new moons, ghosts, sorcery, and necromancy. She is as likely to be invoked at a kitchen table as she is in a misty graveyard. Her symbols are also numerous – in addition to keys, she is also closely linked with torches and daggers. Among her sacred animals are dogs (especially black hounds), serpents, horses, owls, and eels. The past few years have seen a proliferation of Hekate-based rites, rituals, and spells via books and YouTube. These various modern symbols, however, have deep and numerous historical roots important to understand.

“Hekate’s worship was present wherever the Greek Empire was,” d’Este explained. “However, even to the early Greeks, she was a foreign goddess with older roots. The goddess we name as Hekate has been influenced by many different cultures over millennia. The evidence suggests that her worship was well-established in Caria, Anatolia (Asia Minor, Turkey) for a long period of time, and for this reason, Anatolia is the most likely place of origins for her cult.”

The ruins of the temple to Hekate at Lagina [Image credit: CTHOE, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 4.0]

d’Este pointed out that the largest temple dedicated to Hekate is the Temple of Lagina, built during the Hellenistic period and located in southwestern Turkey.

“Conversely, a lot of evidence for Hekate’s early cult, especially the three-formed images of Hekate showing her as three young women standing back-to-back (usually around a pole or pillar), has also been found in Athens, Greece,” d’Este said. “Hekate received widespread worship in regions including North Africa, the Southern Mediterranean, Greece, Asia Minor, and the Balkans during which her cult came into contact with many different cultures and religions. When we look at the symbols, myths, and practices associated with Hekate in history, we can find Thracian, Hittite, Phrygian, Mesopotamian, Persian, Greek, Egyptian, and later Roman cultic influences among them.”

Hekate’s roots have clearly endured the test of time, but have been given a new life through the modern magical community.

“Hekate is a goddess of many things, but one of the main things is that she is a goddess of Witchcraft,” said Courtney Weber, author of the forthcoming Hekate: Goddess of Witches. “The popularity of Witchcraft has soared in just the past few years alone. While not all Witches include deities in their practice, it is a very common way for Witches to practice, particularly those who come from mainstream, god-centered faiths. Hekate is also very multi-faceted, and there are many guises that many different people can connect with. I think also as more people are embracing the idea of a wild, dangerous, and sometimes brutal vision of femininity, a goddess like Hekate who encompasses those ideals and images is very attractive indeed.”

A case in point is the upcoming Hekate Symposium 2021, which will take place on May 22nd and 23rd via Zoom. The Symposium will offer a host of diverse programs, adding to the public’s burgeoning interest. Weber, a Wiccan priestess, tarot adviser, and metaphysical teacher, has written previously about the Morrigan and Brigid, and her upcoming title reflects her own belief that Hekate inspires a special, intimate, kind of awe.

“I’ve been a public Witch for almost twenty years and ran a very large Witchcraft community for almost a decade,” she explained. “Hekate was my constant companion, whether she was the patron deity of students or coveners, appearing in visions to members of our community, or inspiring whole traditions. It’s impossible to walk this path without walking alongside Hekate for at least a brief bit!”

Maximillion Pirner, “Hekate,” 1901, pastel on paper [public domain]

Beyond the trend of Hekate’s widespread popularization, perhaps her most appealing quality today is in the intimacy she inspires among practitioners as a personal goddess. At a time when people are deeply disconnected and have experienced the losses of loved ones, health, and security, the loving and harsh duality of Hekate is tailor-made for our individual post-coronavirus healing journeys. Brannen, who focuses on healing patients from trauma, has witnessed firsthand the power of Hekate’s special “medicine.”

“Hekate offers the key to her healing cave where we can heal into our unique wholeness,” Brannen says. “Yet there is no way to recover from our wounds without the dark night of the soul.

“To go on the heroic journey into Hekate’s cave is to face our trauma rather than try to burn it away with false positivity. Hekate’s medicine comes to us in the form of our dreams, visions, and messages. She calls us back home to the soul so that we may be reborn into our true selves.”

Today’s article is by Antonio Pagliarulo. He has been a member of the Pagan community since his teens. The son of Italian immigrants, he was schooled in the ways of Italian folk magic and Stregheria and is a dedicated priest of the Old Religion. While a college student, he authored Rocking the Goddess: Campus Wicca for the Student Practitioner and American Witch: Magick for the Modern Seeker (Kensington Books) under the penname Anthony Paige. He is also the author of five young adult novels published by Delacorte Press/Random House. His reporting on spirituality and the occult has appeared in the Washington Post and Religion News Service. A full time writer and volunteer EMT, Antonio lives in Manhattan with his husband and is currently working on his first novel for adults, as well as a new volume of witchy nonfiction.

The Origins of Hecate

The beginnings of Hecate’s worship are shrouded in mystery.

Like most of the Olympic pantheon, Hecate predates the written mythology of Greece. Long before Hesiod and Homer began writing their poetry, the stories of the gods were passed on through oral tradition.

As these stories were passed on, though, they often changed. There is evidence that this may have been the case with Hecate.

Some scholars of ancient Greek religion have noted that Apollo was occasionally given the name Hecatos, which they interpret to mean “one who reaches far.” These academics believe that Hecate, therefore, may have once been another name for Apollo’s twin sister, Artemis.

As the worship of Artemis evolved over time, the Greeks began to focus more on her purity and positive aspects. The aspects of the goddess that had darker connotations were separated from her to create another goddess altogether in the character of Hecate.

Anatolia, which covered most of what is now Turkey, was a region that had close ties to the Greek world. Trade, colonization, and migration resulted in a great deal of cultural exchange between the two regions.

Many Anatolian gods had their roots in the Greek pantheon. The Greeks likewise borrowed many deities and legends from their eastern neighbors.

Some scholars believe that Hecate was one such goddess. They claim she originated in Caria, a region in southern Anatolia on the Mediterranean, and was adopted into the Greek pantheon.

The Carians were devoted to Hecate, and she was the primary deity worshipped in the town of Lagina. Names derived from hers were common, including Hecatomnus, the father of the ruler Mausolus who built the famous tomb.

While Hecate’s temples in the area are from a later period, she bears a resemblance to a more ancient goddess in Caria. Local sun goddesses from before the Greek era have many of the same attributes as those later associated with Hecate.

Still another school of thought links her, at least linguistically, to Egypt. The Egyptian fertility goddess Heqet was associated with magic, which the Egyptians called heqa.

The Greeks, too, had many different theories about Hecate’s origins. Her parentage was given differently by various writers.

The most commonly repeated story of her birth was that Hecate was the daughter of Perses and Asteria, two second-generation Titans.

Some later stories agreed that Asteria was her mother, but claimed Zeus had been her father. The Orphic Mysteries said that Hestia was the daughter of Demeter instead.

At least one story, however, gives the goddess a much more human origin. Some early writers claimed that Hecate was actually the princess Iphigenia, saved from death by Artemis and transformed into a goddess.

The conflicting origins of Hecate were only the beginning of what made this goddess so mysterious.

The Goddess of Boundaries

Hecate was a goddess of boundaries and “in between” spaces. In the physical world this could mean anything from doorways to city walls and state borders.

Like Hermes, who was also a deity of liminal spaces, statues of Hecate were often placed at crossroads and borders. She was often shown holding two torches, such as would be found beside gates, to allow her to illuminate both sides of a boundary.

One of these was the boundary between life and death. To the Greeks this meant not only the moment at which the soul crossed between those to states, but also to a literal place.

Hecate was believed to be a goddess of both the living world and the underworld. She is often pictured holding keys because, as the goddess of boundaries, she held the power to open and close the doors to the realm of Hades.

This made her one of the few deities to have the power to move freely between the world of the living and the underworld. Not only could she move between the realms, but she had power to control the passage of others.

Even in her origin, Hecate moved between two places. She was born into the world ruled by the Titans, but continued to be influential and powerful in the Olympian pantheon.

The Protection of Hecate

Because she was associated with borders, gates, and doorways, Hecate took on a protective role. She acted as a sort of guardian because she watched over the places that allowed passage into homes, cities, or even states.

One of her epithets, Apotropaia, references the protection she gave in these spaces. From the Greek word for “to turn away,” apotropaic magic is that which defends by turning away evil or harm.

One of Hecate’s frequent animal companions, and the one that she’s most often depicted with, was a black dog. It has been suggested that this arose from the use of watchdogs, particularly at night, to scare away intruders and warn their owners of danger.

The dog was so closely tied to her than in many ancient stories people could hear the howling and barking of her sacred animal when her magic was used nearby.

A popular story among the Greeks was that the dog that accompanied Hecate was the Trojan queen Hecuba.

When her city fell, the queen was taken captive and lept off a cliff to her death. Hecate took pity on her, though, and brought her back to life as a dog to be her companion.

Of course, as the goddess of boundaries she had the power to let things in as well as keep them out. Those who failed to win the goddess’s favor could expect her to invite evil and misfortune into their lives.

In a hymn to Hecate, Hesiod detailed the ways in which the goddess could both allow good fortune and deny it:

Whom she will she greatly aids and advances: she sits by worshipful kings in judgment, and in the assembly whom she will is distinguished among the people. And when men arm themselves for the battle that destroys men, then the goddess is at hand to give victory and grant glory readily to whom she will. Good is she also when men contend at the games, for there too the goddess is with them and profits them … and to those whose business is in the grey discomfortable sea, and who pray to Hekate and the loud-crashing Earth-Shaker [Poseidon], easily the glorious goddess gives great catch, and easily she takes it away as soon as seen, if so she will. She is good in the byre with Hermes to increase the stock. The droves of kine and wide herds of goats and flocks of fleecy sheep, if she will, she increases from a few, or makes many to be less.

-Hesiod, Theogony 404 ff

Although much of her power appeared generally dark or menacing, Hecate could also be a merciful goddess.

In aiding Demeter during her search for the missing Persephone and transfiguring Hecuba to spare her captivity or death she showed a level of compassion that might not be expected from an occult figure.

Another story of Hecate’s protective nature also involves another of her sacred animals. It is the story of how the polecat became one of her companions.

By the 2nd century AD, a story had developed around Galinthias, a daughter of Proteus and friend of Alcmene.

When Alcmene was in labor with Heracles, Hera attempted to stop the child’s birth. She convinced her daughter Eiliethyia, the goddess of childbirth, and the Moirai, the Fates, to prevent the birth.

The Moirai crossed their arms and Eileithyia refused to help the laboring woman. Seeing her friend in pain, Galinthias tricked the Moirai into thinking the child had been born despite their interference.

When they heard this the Moirai uncrossed their arms, releasing the bonds that kept the infant Heracles from the earth. In revenge for the trick, Eileithyia turned Galinthias into a polecat.

This was a terrible fate. Polecats hid in dirty holes and, it was believed by the Greeks, had a grotesque and unnatural way of mating.

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I am intuitive and work with the assistance of divine guidance. I do NOT work with spirits. My grandmother and I were named for Goddesses.

My intuitive gifts are based on experience and clairsentience communication between my hands and the cards, a learned skill that manifested in my youth after learning to play music on keyboard instruments.

Music, an ancient tradition, was also composed hundreds of years ago by the masters of the craft, who created music for the spiritual places and European royalty.

My ancestors performed music for USA, at the White House, and internationally by invitation of Royalty.

My intuition was guided by travel with my family in my youth.

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. the ancient places and inspired images which appear on Runes, Coins, Tarot and Oracle cards appear to be honest, dependable and reliable when handled by an expert.

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Helpful, honest feedback is appreciated.

Metaphysical consultations, including and not necessarily limited to intuitive sessions, tarot readings, and reiki treatments, teachings and attunements, are provided for entertainment purposes. 

Metaphysical consultations are not a substitute for advice from a financial adviser, doctor or any other licensed professional. We do not diagnose, prescribe, or treat any medical condition.

("befrienders dot org" has an international crisis hotline search tool at the top of the page. Other websites may have similar resources.)

Clients must be 18 years of age or older. Because a metaphysical consultation is an informational service which cannot be returned, no refunds may be given after services received.

  It is very important to us to provide value for our clients. If there are any concerns about a consultation please contact your metaphysician through the click4advisor message center.

Mama Fortuna is a fictional online character portrayed by a real Certified Intuitive and Registered Metaphysician, E. Sylvia Simpson.

Watch the video: #Lagina Hekate Sacred Area (May 2022).


  1. Kassa

    On this day, as if on purpose

  2. Vicente

    In my opinion you are not right. Write to me in PM, we will handle it.

  3. Sharisar

    Cold comfort!

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