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Battle of Mewe, 22 September and 29 September-1 October 1626

Battle of Mewe, 22 September and 29 September-1 October 1626


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Battle of Mewe, 22 September and 29 September-1 October 1626

The battle of Mewe was a lengthy battle that came late in the Polish-Swedish War of 1600-1629. Gustav Adolf of Sweden had invaded Prussia in 1626, quickly capturing a number of cities in northern Prussia, amongst them Mewe. In the autumn of 1626 a Polish army under Sigismund III besieged Mewe, and Gustav Adolf moved to relieve the city.

The battle was fought to the west of the Vistula. Sigismund III had an army 15,000 strong, outnumbering the Swedes, but he only had 20 guns and 300 hussars. Worse, most of his hussars were inexperienced, as 1,500 of the more experienced troops were absent in the Ukraine. Sigismund was able to choose his ground, occupying an escarpment west of the river.

Gustav Adolf had 12,200 men, and 74 guns. He was able to use flood defences along the Vistula to strengthen his position, which gave the Poles very little chance to use their cavalry to its best.

At the start of the battle, on 22 September, Gustav Adolf sent out his skirmishers, in the hope that Sigismund would respond by coming out of his field fortifications. Sigismund did just that, sending his hussars to attack the Swedish left. The hussars were able to drive away the Swedish horsemen, but were driven off by a salvo of infantry fire after their charge was slowed by soft sandy ground.

There was then a gap of a week before the next significant action came on 29 September. This time Sigismund launched two great Hussar charges, both of which drove away the Swedish horse before being driven back by the Swedish infantry, who were now well established behind their fortifications. Despite the impressive Swedish firepower, only 18 Hussars were killed during this fighting.

The course of the battle changed on 1 October. Late in a day that had seen serious fighting on the plains a Swedish infantry unit was able to climb the escarpment. The Polish infantry on the high ground believed the Swedes to be a Polish unit retreating from the battle, and so held their fire. A salvo from the Swedish infantry then drove the Poles off the hilltop.

Sigismund was able to persuade his cavalry to make one more charge, in an attempt to drive the Swedes back off the escarpment. Tomasz Zamoyski’s hussars swept the first line of Swedish infantry off the hill while they were reloading but were then repelled by the second line. With the high ground lost, the Polish camp was vulnerable to Swedish artillery, and Sigismund was forced to abandon the siege of Mewe.

Together with a second defeat at Dirschau (17-18 August 1627), the battle of Mewe convinced the Polish-Lithuanians that it would be best to avoid open battle. Instead, the infantry defended its camps while the cavalry attacked Swedish supplies.


Battle of Khotyn (1621)

The Battle of Khotyn or Battle of Chocim or Hotin War [8] (in Turkish: Hotin Muharebesi) was a combined siege and series of battles which took place between 2 September and 9 October 1621 between a Polish-Lithuanian army with Cossack allies, commanded by the Grand Hetman of Lithuania Jan Karol Chodkiewicz, and an invading Ottoman Imperial army, led by Sultan Osman II, which was stopped until the first autumn snows. On 9 October, due to the lateness of the season and heavy losses - due to failed assaults on Commonwealth fortifications - the Ottomans abandoned their siege and the battle concluded with a stalemate, which is reflected in the treaty where some sections favour the Ottomans while others favoured the Commonwealth. Chodkiewicz died on 24 September 1621 shortly after concluding a treaty with the Turks.

25,000 [2] Polish-Lithuanian troops:

'34,825 Kapikulu (regular army)' [6]


Historical Events In September - 30

0420 Saint Jerome, translator of the Vulgate Bible on September - 30.

0653 Saint Honorius, Archbishop of Canterbury on this day in history.

0739 On September - 30 p'u-chi Ho-shang Tao-chao, Northern Ch'an Line Zen teacher, dies

1101 Anselm IV, Archbishop of Milan on this day in history.

1199 Rambam (Maimonides) authorizes Samuel Ibn Tibbon to translate Guide of Perplexed from Arabic into Hebrew on this day in history.

1351 On September - 30 muso Soseki, Zen teacher/Rinzai line/head of Nanzenji, dies in Japan

1399 On this day in history king Richard II of England abdicates throne

1440 On September - 30 reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn, English soldier and politician

1452 First book published, Johann Guttenberg's Bible on this day in history.

1452 On this day in history 1st book published, Johann Guttenberg's Bible

1520 On September - 30 suleiman I succeeds his father Selam I as sultan of Turkey

1544 On this day in history king Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

1555 On September - 30 oxford Bishop Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic

1572 Francisco Borgia, theologist/saint, dies at 61 on September - 30.

1612 Ercole Bottrigari, composer, dies at 81 on this day in history.

1619 On this day in history remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp

1622 Johann Sebastiani, composer on September - 30.

1626 On this day in history battle between king Bethlen Gabor & earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends

1627 Robinson Crusoe, fictional character according to Daniel Defoe on this day in history.

1630 On September - 30 first execution in America-J Billington hanged in Plymouth, MA

1630 On this day in history john Billington, murderer, 1st American execution, hanged

1649 Last Swedish troops vacate Prague on September - 30.

1659 Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherlands forbids tennis playing during Creligious services on September - 30.

1659 Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Defoe) on this day in history.

1681 On September - 30 netherlands & Sweden sign treaty

1685 Gunther Jacob Wenceslaus, composer on this day in history.

1712 Johann Michael Zacher, composer, dies at 61 on this day in history.

1716 Heinrich Georg Neuss, composer, dies at 62 on September - 30.

1730 Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns on September - 30.

1743 Jeronymo Francisco de Lima, composer on this day in history.

1744 On this day in history france and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo.

1752 On September - 30 justin Heinrich Knecht, composer

1755 On this day in history francesco Durante, composer, dies at 71

1770 On September - 30 thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, English politician and diplomat


New Amsterdam becomes New York

Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant surrenders New Amsterdam, the capital of New Netherland, to an English naval squadron under Colonel Richard Nicolls. Stuyvesant had hoped to resist the English, but he was an unpopular ruler, and his Dutch subjects refused to rally around him. Following its capture, New Amsterdam’s name was changed to New York, in honor of the Duke of York, who organized the mission.

The colony of New Netherland was established by the Dutch West India Company in 1624 and grew to encompass all of present-day New York City and parts of Long Island, Connecticutਊnd New Jersey. A successful Dutch settlement in the colony grew up on the southern tip of Manhattan Island and was christened New Amsterdam.

To legitimatize Dutch claims to New Amsterdam, Dutch governor Peter Minuit formally purchased Manhattan from the local tribe from which it derives it name in 1626. According to legend, the Manhattans–Indians of Algonquian linguistic stock𠄺greed to give up the island in exchange for trinkets valued at only $24. However, as they were ignorant of European customs of property and contracts, it was not long before the Manhattans came into armed conflict with the expanding Dutch settlement at New Amsterdam. Beginning in 1641, a protracted war was fought between the colonists and the Manhattans, which resulted in the death of more than 1,000 Indians and settlers.

In 1664, New Amsterdam passed to English control, and English and Dutch settlers lived together peacefully. In 1673, there was a short interruption of English rule when the Netherlands temporary regained the settlement. In 1674, New York was returned to the English, and in 1686 it became the first city in the colonies to receive a royal charter. After the American Revolution, it became the first capital of the United States.


Battle of Gniew

On 6 July 1626, following the capture of Livonia, the 13,000-strong Swedish army under King Gustavus Adolphus landed at Pilawa in the Duchy of Prussia, which did not resist the Swedish landings. The Swedes marched against the Vistula, taking several towns along the way. The big urban center of Gdansk was the most serious obstacle to the Swedes, as it was six times the size of Stockholm and heavily defended. The Polish king Sigismund III Vasa led an army to relieve the city from the Swedish threat.

Sigismund besieged the Swedish fort at Gniew, leading to Gustavus Adolphus rushing to relieve the fort the two sides met in battle for over a week from late September to early October. The fighting surged back and forth, and Gustavus Adolphus ultimately succeeding in repelling the attacking Poles on the first day of battle. On 29 September, the Swedish infantry defeated the Polish cavalry, and both sides suffered similar losses. In the final battle on 1 October, the Swedes launched massive assaults against the Poles, and a Polish counterattack failed due to a lack of gunpowder. The Poles lifted their siege, but they had succeeded in defending Gdansk, as Gustavus Adolphus gave up his plans to assault Gdansk after he fell ill. 


Events in History on September 30

Event of Interest

1520 Suleiman the Magnificent succeeds his father Selam I as Ottoman Sultan (rules till 1566)

Event of Interest

1544 King Henry VIII draws his armies out of France

    Bishop of Oxford Nicholas Ridley sentenced to death as a heretic Remonstrant Society forms in Antwerp Battle between King Bethlen Gabor & Earl Mansfeld-Wallenstein ends Last Swedish troops vacate Prague Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe) Netherlands & Sweden sign treaty Duke Victor Amadeus XI of Savoye resigns France and Spain defeat the Kingdom of Sardinia at the Battle of Madonna dell'Olmo. Continental Congress, flees to York, Pennsylvania, as British forces advance 1st US voyage around the world - Columbia leaves Boston

Event of Interest

1791 The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots

Event of Interest

1805 Napoleon Bonaparte's army draws into the Rhine

Victory in Battle

1813 Battle of Bárbula: Simón Bolívar defeats Santiago Bobadilla

    Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France & England Samuel Slocum patents the stapler Anesthetic ether used for 1st time by American dentist Dr William Morton who extracts a tooth US occupies Sand, Baker, Howland & Jarvis Island, south of Hawaii First Battle of Newtonia (American Civil War), Newton County, Missouri

Event of Interest

1862 Prussia Minister President Otto von Bismarck's delivers his "Blood & Iron" speech

    Battle of Preble's Farm Virginia (Poplar Springs Church) Black soldiers given US Medal of Honor Midway Islands formally declared a US possession Spain's Queen Isabella is deposed, flees to France 1st US amateur swim meet (NY Athletic Club) 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island American amateur astronomer Henry Draper takes the 1st ever photograph of the Orion Nebula Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate "Jack the Ripper" murders 2 more women, Liz Stride & Kate Eddowes, in Whitechapel, London France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar City of NY established

Event of Interest

Event of Interest

1916 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies

    Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC Government of Alexandros Zaimis forms in Greece Allies stop checking on German navy General Pangulos disbands Greek parliament German/French/Belgian/Luxembourg steel cartel closes

Historic Publication

1928 Le Sifflet publishes 1st precursor of Kuifje (Tintin)

    Leon Vanderstuyft of Belgium cycles record 76 mi 604 yds in 1 hr 1st manned rocket plane flight (by auto maker Fritz von Opel) Start of "Die Voortrekkers" youth movement for Afrikaners in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Berlin/Hart/Heyman/Myers ballet "As Thousands Cheer," premieres in NYC St Louis Card clinch pennant as Dizzy Dean wins his 30th of year Charley O'Leary becomes the oldest person at 58 to get a hit in the majors

Event of Interest

1935 The Boulder Dam (later the Hoover Dam), astride the border of U.S. states Arizona and Nevada, is dedicated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt

    International Commission of Straits (Dardanelles & Bosphorus) ends Pinewood Studios opens in Buckinghamshire England

Treaty of Interest

1938 Treaty of Munich signed by Hitler, Mussolini, Daladier and Chamberlain, forces Czechoslovakia to give territory to Germany

    Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war. 47 German aircraft shot down above England Approximately 33,771 Jews are shot to death or buried alive at Babi Yar ravine (near Kiev) Ukraine by Nazi troops over two days German assault on Moscow, Operation Typhoon, begins

Event of Interest

1942 Admiral Chester Nimitz's B-17 finds Guadalcanal using National Geographic map

Catholic Encyclical

1943 Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit

    -Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth Calais reoccupied by Allies Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43

Nuremberg Trials

1946 22 Nazi leaders, including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Hermann Goering, are found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death or prison at the Nuremberg war trials

Hermann Goering on trial at the Nuremberg Trials. He would later be sentenced to death, but committed suicide the night before his sentence was to be carried out.
    American chemist Percy L. Julian at the Glidden Company announces an improved method for producing cortisone 1st congress of International Astronautical Federation opens in Paris Auguste/Jacques Piccard dives with bathosphere to 3150 m (record)

Event of Interest

1953 Earl Warren appointed Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court

    Robert Anderson's "Tea & Sympathy" premieres in NYC 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned by the US Navy French government of Mauroy resigns due to Algeria French Guinee becomes independent republic Guinea USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR On Howdy Doody's last show Clarabelle finally talks "Goodbye Kids" West Germany signs trade agreement with East Germany Bill for Boston Tea Party is paid by Mayor Snyder of Oregon who wrote a check for $196, the total cost of all tea lost A's Bill Fischer ends 84 1/3 consecutive innings pitched without a walk

Event of Interest

1962 JFK routes 3,000 federal troops to Mississippi

Event of Interest

1962 James Meredith registers for classes at University of Mississippi

Event of Interest

1962 Mexican-American labor leader César Chávez founds the United Farm Workers.

    56th Postmaster General: John A Gronouski of Wis takes office Bechuanaland gains independence from England, becomes Republic of Botswana Botswana (formerly Bechuanaland) gains independence from Britain (National Day) USSR performs underground nuclear test Palace of Fine Arts reopens (1st time during 1915 exposition) USSR's Kosmos 186 & 188 complete 1st automatic docking 1st Boeing 747 rolls out Atlanta's 10th straight win, clinches NL West pennant

Event of Interest

1971 Ian Paisley and Desmond Boal launch the [Ulster] Democratic Unionist Party

    Passenger train derails killing 48 (Rust Stasie South Africa) USSR performs underground nuclear test General Francisco da Costa Gomesz succeeds General António de Spínola as President of Portugal 5 drown in flash flood of sewer & water tunnel (Niagara Falls NY) The Hughes (later McDonnell-Douglas, now Boeing) AH-64 Apache makes its first flight. Dutch Antillean government-Evertsz resigns

Album Release

    USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR Due to US budget cuts, the Apollo program's ALSEP experiment packages left on the Moon are shut down. Philippine political prisoners, Eugenio Lopez, Jr. and Sergio Osmeña III successfully escaped from Fort Bonifacio Maximum Security Prison in the Philippines

Event of Interest

1980 Iran rejects a truce call from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein

Historic Publication

1980 Ethernet specifications published by Xerox working with Intel and Digital Equipment Corporation.

    Last game at Minn's Metropolitan Stadium, lose to KC 5-2 French parliament votes to abolish the death penalty, led by Minister of Justice Robert Badinter National railroad strike in Belgium

Event of Interest

1990 The Dalai Lama unveils the Canadian Tribute to Human Rights in Canada's capital city of Ottawa.

Event of Interest

1991 Jerry Springer's tabloid talk show "The Jerry Springer Show" debuts

Event of Interest

1993 US General Colin Powell retires at 56

    Space shuttle STS-68 (Endeavour 7), launches into orbit Sylvestre Ntibantunganya elected president of Burundi Vladimir Meciars HZDDS wins Slovakia parliamentary election

Event of Interest

1997 John Howard's Australian government gun buy back scheme ends with more than 640,000 firearms compulsorily acquired, including many newly illegal semi-automatic rifles and shotguns


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This MeWe review offers advantages and disadvantages of MeWe.

Advantages of MeWe:

MeWe is called the “Private Social Network” since it protects your data.

According to Google Play:

“MeWe is the uplifting Next-Gen Social Network with awesome social features and No BS.

MeWe members see every post, chat, comment, etc., made by individuals, pages, and groups they are connected with, in a true timeline order.

MeWe members own their data and enjoy the protection of MeWe‘s Privacy Bill Of Rights.”

August 2020

I encourage you to read the comment section of this post. To quote one commenter, “Your review is by far not my experience after using MeWe for over two years.”

At the time of this writing, there are 51 comments on this post. By reading the comments section. you get a more comprehensive MeWe review which presents both sides, both positive and negative, as any well-written review should.


Deaths in History on September 30

    James Brindley, English engineer (canals and watermills), dies at about 76 Matthäus Günther, German painter, dies at 83 Thomas Percy, English literary and bishop of Dromore, dies at 82 Tsultrim Gyatso, 10th Dalai Lama, dies at 21 Isaac Peace Rodman, American banker and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injury at about 40 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, dies at 65 Toohoolhoolzote, prophet of Nez Perce indians, dies in battle Catherine Eddowes, English woman murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45 Elizabeth Stride "Long Liz", English woman murdered by Jack the Ripper at 45 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, dies at 54 St Therese of Lisieux, Roman Catholic saint and mystic (b. 1873) Maurice Lévy, French engineer (b. 1838) Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), dies at 77 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, dies at 64 Samuel Garman, American zoologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and namesake of a Jamaican lizard, dies at 84 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), dies at 64 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist (b. 1864)

Edith Roosevelt

1948 Edith Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States, dies at 87


The Battle Of Epping Forest

Along the Forest Road, there's hundreds of cars - luxury cars.
Each has got its load of convertible bars, cutlery cars - superscars!
For today is the day when they sort it out, sort it out,
'cause they disagree on a gangland boundary.
Yes, they disagree on a gangland boundary.

There's Willy Wright and his boys -
One helluva noise, that's Billy's boys!
With fully-fashioned mugs, that's Little John's thugs,
The Barking Slugs - supersmugs!
For today is the day when they sort it out, sort it out,
These Christian soldiers fight to protect the poor.
East end heroes got to score in.

The Battle of Epping Forest,
It's the Battle of Epping Forest,
Right outside your door.
You ain't seen nothing like it.
No, you ain't seen nothing like it,
Not since the Civil War.

Coming over the hill are the boys of Bill,
And Johnny's lads stand very still.
With the thumpire's shout, they all start to clout
- there's no guns in this gentleman's bout.
Georgie moves in on the outside left
With a chain flying round his head
And Harold Demure, from Art Literature,
Nips up the nearest tree.
(Here come the cavalry!)

Admidst the battle roar,
Accountants keep the score: 10-4.
They've never been alone, after getting a radiophone.
The bluebells are ringing for Sweetmeal Sam, real ham,
Handing out bread and jam just like any picnic.

It's 5-4 on William Wright he made his pile on Derby night.
When Billy was a kid, walking the streets,
The other kids hid - so they did!
Now, after working hard in security trade, he's got it made.
The shops that need aid are those that haven't paid.

"I do my double-show quick!" said Mick the Prick, fresh out the nick.
"I sell cheap holiday. The minute they leave,
Then a visit I pay - and does it pay!"
And his friend, Liquid Len by name,
Of Wine, Women and Wandsworth fame,
Said "I'm breaking the legs of the bastard that got me framded!"

They called me the Reverend when I entered the Church unstained
My employers have changed but the name has remained.
It all began when I went on a tour,
Hoping to find some furniture.
I followed a sign - it said "Beautiful Chest".
It led to a lady who showed me her best.
She was taken by surprise when I quickly closed my eyes.
So she rang the bell, and quick as hell
Bob the Nob came out on his job
To see what the trouble was.
"Louise, is the Reverend hard to please?"
"You're telling me!"
"Perhaps, sir, if it's not too late.
We could interest you in our Staffordshire plate?"
"Oh no, not me, I'm a man of repute."
But the Devil caught hold of my soul and a voice called out "Shoot!"

To save my steeple, I visited people
For this I'd gone when I met Little John.
His name came, I understood,
When the judge said "You're a robbing hood."
He told me of his strange foundation,
Conceived on sight of the Woodstock nation
He'd had to hide his reputation.
When poor, 'twas salvation from door to door.
But now, with a pin-up guru every week,
It's Love, Peace & Truth Incorporated for all who seek.

He employed me as a karmacanic, with overall charms.
His hands were then fit to receive, receive alms.
That's why we're in

The Battle of Epping Forest,
It's the Battle of Epping Forest,
Right outside your door.
We guard your souls for peanuts,
And we guard your shops and houses
For just a little more.

In with a left hook is the Bethnal Green Butcher,
But he's countered on the right by Mick's chain-gang fight,
And Liquid Len, with his smashed bottle men,
Is lobbing Bob the Nob across the gob.
With his kissar in a mess, Bob seems under stress,
But Jones the Jug hits Len right in the mug
And Harold Demure, who's still not quite sure,
Fires acorns from out of his sling.
(Here come the cavalry!)

Up, up above the crowd,
Inside their Silver Cloud, done proud,
The bold and brazen brass, seen darkly through the glass.
The butler's got jam on his Rolls Roy doles out the lot,
With tea from a silver pot just like any picnic.

Along the Forest Road, it's the end of the day
And the Clouds roll away.
Each has got its load - they'll come out for the count
At the break-in of day.
When the limos return for their final review, it's all through'
- all they can see is the morning goo.
"There's no-one left alive - must be draw."
So the Blackcap Barons toss a coin to settle the score.

Lyrics submitted by Demau Senae, edited by DerekLaw

The Battle of Epping Forest Lyrics as written by Phil Collins Anthony George Banks


Aftermath

On August 30, during the night, Continental forces withdrew to Bristol and Tiverton, leaving Rhode Island (Aquidneck Island) under British control. However, their withdrawal was orderly and unhurried.

Noah Robinson-diary entry about the Battle of Rhode Island, August 29-31, 1778

According to an account in the New Hampshire Gazette, it was accomplished

in perfect order and safety, not leaving behind the smallest article of provision, camp equipage, or military stores.”

The inflammatory writings of Sullivan reached Boston before the French fleet arrived, and Admiral d’Estaing’s initial reaction was reported to be a dignified silence.

Politicians worked to smooth over the incident under pressure from Washington and the Continental Congress, and d’Estaing was in good spirits when Lafayette arrived in Boston.

He even offered to march troops overland to support the Americans:

I offered to become a colonel of infantry, under the command of one who three years ago was a lawyer, and who certainly must have been an uncomfortable man for his clients.”

On September 1, the relief force of Clinton and Grey arrived at Newport. Given that the threat was over, Clinton ordered Grey to raid several communities on the Massachusetts coast. Admiral Richard Howe was unsuccessful in his bid to catch up with d’Estaing, who held a strong position at the Nantasket Roads when Howe arrived there on August 30.

Byron succeeded Howe as head of the New York station in September, but he also was unsuccessful in blockading d’Estaing. His fleet was scattered by a storm when it arrived off Boston, after which d’Estaing slipped away, bound for the West Indies.

Pigot was harshly criticized by Clinton for failing to await the relief force, which might have successfully entrapped the Americans on the island. He left Newport for England not long after. The British abandoned Newport in October 1779, leaving behind an economy ruined by war.


Watch the video: ABOR Board Meeting 09 29 10 1 21 (June 2022).


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