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Royal name and steeped in history par excellence, Louis has had an almost unheard of success through the ages. Often perceived as obsolete in the previous century, it has made a remarkable comeback since the 1990s. Saint Louis, King of France in the 13th century, is celebrated on August 25.
Origin and etymology of the first name Louis
The first name Louis is part of the same family as Clovis, Aloys and Ludovic, with which it shares the same Germanic etymology: Hlodowig, which means "glorious fighter". In the Merovian era Hlodowig becomes Chlodowig (Clovis), later francized as Ludovic and Louis. Often associated with other first names, it enters into the formation of many compounds: Jean-Louis, Louis-Philippe, Paul-Louis ... Its diminutive Louison is common to Louis and its feminine Louise. In Europe, it is found in the north (Ludwig) and in the south (Luis).
Saint Louis rendering justice "src =" / images / articles / dossiers / saint_louis_rend_la_justice.jpg "alt =" saint louis renders justice "width =" 300 "height =" 203 "/> Among the plethora of monarchs who bore this first name , Saint Louis (Louis IX), succeeds in the tour de force of associating royalty and holiness. King of France from 1226 to 1270, he had to face many feudal revolts before being able to consolidate his power. Participating in the 7th Crusade in Egypt, he took Damietta before being taken prisoner. Freed after the payment of a heavy ransom, he spent several years fortifying the Frankish positions in the Middle East. Back in France in 1254, he reorganized the state and the justice, enjoying a reputation for great integrity. He built the Sainte-Chapelle and the Sorbonne. Known for his great piety (sometimes bordering on intolerance), he died of the plague in Tunis during the 8th Crusade and was canonized in 1297.
Use and popularity of the first name Louis
Common in the aristocracy and almost hereditary among the French monarchs since the Carolingians, the first name Louis spread in all the strata of the population from the 16th century, until reaching the second rank of the most popular first names after Jean. Ostensibly shunned after the Revolution, it makes a comeback at the beginning of the previous century before experiencing a low wave between 1960 and 1980. It has been fashionable again since the 90s, particularly in the urban bourgeoisie and in families. traditionalists.
Quoting famous Louis is like going through the history of France, but not only. Due to the popularity of this first name, it is found in abundance in all circles: Louis Pauwels and Louis Aragon in literature, Louis de Funés, Louis Jouvet and Louis Delluc in cinema, Louis lumière and Louis Braille among inventors, Louis Pasteur for scientists, Luis Armstrong and Louis Chedid for artists, Louis Vuitton for fashion ...